The Truth about Premium-Efficient Motors

1. The motor is only part of the efficiency equation.

As you have seen, a motor is at best one-sixth of the total energy loss potential for an electro-mechanical drivetrain. And, what’s more, it typically isn’t even the most inefficient part. Mechanical devices, such as external transmission elements, have far more inefficiencies than electrical devices do. So, look there first to find your largest energy savings.

2. By revamping your entire drivetrain, you may actually be able to use a
smaller motor and save even more.

Right now, you are probably using a motor of a particular power rating to produce a certain output from your drivetrain. You may be pleasantly surprised to find that, by upgrading your gearbox, drive, and external transmission components, you will have gained enough efficiency that your motor power is now higher than you actually need. Therefore, you may be able to save additional costs by purchasing a lower horsepower motor. For example:

Before: 45 kW load ÷ 53.5% efficiency = 84.1 kW (use 90kW motor)

After: 45 kW load ÷ 72.5% efficiency = 62.1 kW (use 75kW motor)

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SPIROPLAN Right-Angle Gear Units

3. Motors are most efficient when integrated with other drivetrain components
from the same manufacturer.

Systems where the VFD, motor, and gearbox are all engineered by the same company are by nature designed to work well together, eliminating unnecessary inefficiencies and allowing additional energy savings. For example, integrating an SEW-EURODRIVE DRP motor, helical-bevel gear unit, and VFD will provide dramatically higher energy savings than simply replacing the motor.

4. The motor must be well-suited to your application.

Just placing a premium-efficient motor on the line may not automatically solve all your energy problems, even if all the other components are as efficient as possible. Ensure that the specifications of the motor fit your application, especially if you have a high-cycling application that is greater than 10 to 30 cycles/hour. If so, use a premium efficient motor designed for such an application with an appropriately sized integral brake.

Also, where possible, use the smallest motor for the application so that it is loaded near 80% and operates as close to it nameplate efficiency as possible.

5. Mechanical efficiencies matter, too.

Worm gear units, which are common in the industry, have an efficiency range of 50 to 88 percent, depending on the number of starts (teeth) on the worm gear or gear ratio, as shown below.

number of starts —– typical efficiency range
1                                        50-69%
2                                        70-79%
5                                        80-88%

Their poor efficiency is due to sliding gear contact. Since sliding produces friction, much of the energy is wasted through heat. Conversely, helical bevel gear units use rolling friction, so they lose only 1.5% of efficiency for each stage. Thus, a three-stage helical bevel gearbox is 95.5% efficient.

Although helical-bevel gear units are higher in initial cost, they will save money in energy over the lifetime of the system. If you are an end-user, consider specifying helical-bevel gear units the next time you purchase equipment for your plant. It is in your best interest.

6. Gearmotors eliminate even more efficiency losses.

Gearmotors inherently yield tremendous increases in efficiency compared to the average flexible transmission system. Since a gearmotor contains a motor that is rigidly coupled and precisely aligned with the gear unit, the connection is nearly 100% efficient. By eliminating the friction and slippage associated with v-belts, pulleys or chains, you can quickly yield a potential 12-15% increase in efficiency. You will save even more on the replacement and maintenance of belts. And, don’t forget about safety.

7. Oil may be costing you.

Oil plays a role in energy savings because it creates heat as it churns inside a gear unit. And, the amount of heat increases as the oil volume increases. Not only does heat increase your energy bill, it also damages gears and seals. Excessive heat is especially problematic for larger gear units – typically with an output shaft diameter greater than 60mm.

 

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Author: Don

A Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) is a type of motor controller that drives an electric motor by varying the frequency and voltage supplied to the electric motor. Other names for a VFD are variable speed drive, adjustable speed drive, adjustable frequency drive, AC drive, microdrive, speed controller, and inverter.

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